Electronic currency is utilized in the operations of payment institutions (PI) and e-money institutions (EMI) in the UK. Electronic currency, often known as e-money, refers to the monetary value that can be stored in virtual assets. The Electronic Money Institution FCA licensing is responsible for the distribution of e-money based on the funds deposited by customers in amounts that are proportional to the value of the currency. The legitimacy of such a method of making payments has been acknowledged by relevant bodies. The EMI and PIs are two types of entities that, together, make it possible for services involving cash to be carried out anywhere in the world, so effectively dissolving geographical distinctions.While both EMIs and PIs are considered to be non-banking businesses, there are distinct differences between the two in terms of the structures that they take, the operations that they do, and the rules that are imposed upon them. These kinds of businesses are considered to be legal companies because they conduct their activities on the basis of an authorisation that enables them to transact with electronic forms of money.Those who have been granted this license are authorized to distribute electronic funds, as well as provide services for the processing of payments and other choices, such as IBAN accounts. Additionally, access is granted to the Single Euro Payments Area (SEPA), which enables customers to receive payments in euros at lower prices and under the same terms and conditions regardless of which FCA license they use.As a result of the adoption of new 3D Secure 2 compliance rules and the increasing costs generated by gateways like MasterCard and VISA, many enterprises are searching for alternate options to their payment solutions in atypical banking institutions. Along with their other services, a BaaS that possesses an EMI or PI license would enable the acceptance of transactions that include the swift and risk-free transfer of money.The peer-to-peer (P2P) structure for lending that is implemented by many BaaS solutions also encourages the use of virtual currencies as a form of deposit and loan, which results in the delivery of financial leverage and collateral in payment operations.